Blog de la Ley de Lesiones Personales de Texas

Cómo declarar a un perro como un perro peligroso en Houston

Usted acaba de comprar su nuevo hogar. Parecía un barrio tranquilo y seguro en los suburbios de Houston. Pero luego, "esos vecinos" se mudaron.

You know the ones. Every time a jogger goes by you hear their large dogs slam into the fence snarling and barking. The ones who always say something like: “Kujo just wants to play,” after Kujo gets out and terrorizes the neighborhood kids on their bikes. The ones who said getting bit was the really the neighbor’s fault for running when Kujo got out and ran into their garage growling and gritting teeth. “They made Kujo think they were playing chase.”

Do you have to put up with it? The answer is “no.”

Puedes declarar un perro peligroso en Houston.

La ley del perro peligroso

Title 10 of the Texas Health and Safety Code section 822 deals with “dangerous dogs.” Under that chapter, a Perro peligroso is defined as a dog that either:

  1. Realiza un ataque no provocado contra una persona que causa lesiones corporales y se produce en un lugar que no sea un recinto en el que se mantuvo al perro y que estaba razonablemente seguro de evitar que el perro salga del recinto por su cuenta, o;
  2. Cometer actos no provocados en un lugar que no sea un recinto en el que se mantuvo al perro y que era razonablemente seguro para evitar que el perro abandone el recinto por sí mismo y esos actos hacen que una persona razonablemente crea que el perro atacará y provocará lesiones corporales lesión a esa persona.

The second prong above is very important. Notice that the dog does not have to bite to be declared dangerous. It only has to “commit unprovoked acts” outside of its enclosure that cause a person to believe it will attack and cause harm. In other words, if the dog is outside of its home/fence, and it lunges, snarls growls or in any way threatens someone to the point that a reasonable person would believe the dog would attack, it can be declared a dangerous dog. The dog could even be on a leash with the owner when this happens.

El Proceso

La mayoría de los municipios en Texas han adoptado su propia versión del Ley de perros peligrosos de Texas that may have a few more-restricting twists. Most have also adopted a procedure by which you can initiate the proceedings to have a dog declared dangerous. In Houston, this procedure can be found in the Code of Ordinances, Chapter 6.

Declaración jurada para iniciar trámites de perros peligrosos

Declaración jurada para iniciar trámites de perros peligrosos

You start by filing a sworn statement or affidavit with the Bureau of Animal Regulation and Care (BARC). For all practical purposes, BARC is Houston Animal Control*. The photo on the right is a downloadable form affidavit to initiate proceedings to declare a dog a dangerous dog. Once the affidavit is completed, you can mail it in to:

A la caza de animales
3200 Carr Street
Houston, TX 77026

Upon receipt of a sworn affidavit, a Houston Animal Control Manager must review the affidavit to determine if the complaint meets the state definition of a dangerous dog. Thus, it is important that you track the language of the statute in your affidavit as much as possible. You want to describe facts showing that it happened outside the dog’s enclosure and describing facts that show that the dog either attacked someone or acted aggressively towards someone giving them a reasonable belief the dog is in fact dangerous and would attack if given the opportunity.

Once the affidavit is determined to meet the statutory definition, an investigation to determine if the dog is dangerous takes place. If the Animal Control Manager believes there are grounds to declare the dog dangerous, notice is issued and a hearing is held to determine whether the dog is dangerous. The dog is impounded pending the hearing.

Audiencia de perro peligroso

En la audiencia, un Oficial de Audiencia escucha el caso y decide si el perro debe ser declarado peligroso o no. Usted puede ser llamado como testigo. Si es así, debe vestirse bien, llegar a tiempo y cooperar con el Tribunal para dar su testimonio.

If the Hearing Officer decided that the dog is a dangerous dog and has attacked a person causing serious injury or death, he may order the dog be put down. If the dog is determined dangerous but not ordered euthanized, the owners will be ordered to comply with the conditions of Health and Safety Code for ownership of a dangerous dog. Those conditions include:

  • que el perro se mantenga en un recinto seguro que tenga un piso, un techo y cuatro paredes, así como un candado que mantenga al perro adentro y al público afuera
  • señales de advertencia de perros peligrosos en el recinto
  • un bozal en el perro cada vez que sale del recinto
  • una jaula de viaje para el perro cuando se transporta que está claramente marcado como "perro peligroso".
  • prueba de $ 100,000.00 en un seguro de responsabilidad que cubra cualquier ataque del perro
  • un collar naranja marcado como "perro peligroso" usado en todo momento
  • prueba de vacunas contra la rabia actualizadas

If the dog is found not to be dangerous, it will be returned to the owners. The owner is given 30 days to comply with the order of the Hearings Officer or the dog maybe euthanized.

Acciones civiles para ataques de perros

Under Texas Law, a dog owner is not responsible for an attack by his dog unless it can be proven that he was aware of the dog’s vicious propensity. That is, you must show the dog owner knew or should have known of his dog’s vicious nature. Having a dog declared a dangerous dog puts the owner on notice that he has such a dog and puts him or her in the position that he cannot claim lack of knowledge of the dog’s vicious nature.

Proving the knowledge of the dog’s owner can be difficult without the dog having already been declared dangerous. It is important that you hire a knowledgeable abogado de mordedura de perro para investigar el caso y determinar si la evidencia de la naturaleza viciosa del perro salió y si el dueño del perro sabía o debería haber visto las señales de advertencia.

* El control de animales en el área de Houston típicamente cae bajo BARC en los límites de la ciudad y Control de animales del Condado de Harris en las áreas no incorporadas alrededor de los límites de la ciudad de Houston.

Difunde el amor

Autor

Paul Cannon

Paul Cannon ha practicado la ley de juicio por lesiones personales desde 1995. Está certificado por la Junta en la Ley de juicios por lesiones personales (2005). Se ha ganado el reconocimiento como Super Abogado por Thompson Reuters en 2017 & 2018, y como Abogado Superior de Ensayo 100 por la Asociación Nacional de Abogados Litigantes en 2017. Es un Accionista, abogado litigante y gerente de marketing en línea en Simmons y Fletcher, PC. Sus escritos legales han sido publicados por el Texas Bar Journal, Business.com, Lawyer.com HG Legal Resources, Lawfirms.com y otros. Le han pedido dar charlas educativas y entrevistas a los medios sobre la ley de mordeduras de perro.

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