Códigos municipales de Katy relevantes para la ley de mordedura de perro
4th enero, 2012
Dog bite law varies from city to city due to variances in municipal codes. If you are attacked by a dog within the City of Katy, your case is subject to the Códigos Municipales de Katy. La Códigos de mordida de perro Katy include both dog leash laws and dangerous dog laws. Since both may have an effect on your case, below is a discussion of the applicable Katy Codes.
Lectura de Katy Leash Law:
La Ley Katy Leash is found in article 2.200. Katy Code Sec. 2.202, prohibits any person having control or custody of a dog to allow the dog to run or be at large upon any public property within the corporate limits of the City of Katy. “At large” is defined by Sec. 2.201 as:
(1) not under the control of the owner either by a leash, chain, cord, or other suitable material attached to a collar or harness; or
(2) not restrained securely within an enclosure or fence.
Sec. 2.203 further extends the prohibition to private property other than fenced property belonging to the dog owner. This means that even if the dog is in another’s fenced yard, with permission, the leash law applies. Failing to abide by this law is a misdemeanor punishable by fine up to $500.00 per offense. There is an exception to this rule if the dog is running at large in a dog park designated as such by the City of Katy. See Sec. 2.223. For purposes of civil liability, a dog owner could be found to be negligent as a matter of law if their dog bites someone resulting in personal injury while “not under the control of the owner by some form of leash and not within the owner’s enclosure or fence.
Explicación de Katy Dangerous Dog Law:
La Katy Dangerous Dog Law is unique in comparison to other municipal dangerous dog laws. Section 2.221 grants the Katy Municipal Courts the authority to hold a hearing to determine if a dog is a dangerous dog. It reads as follows:
Si cualquier perro o gato dentro de la Ciudad de Katy muerde, araña o ataca a cualquier persona y la persona así atacada no estaba en ese momento traspasando la propiedad del propietario o la persona que tiene el control de dicho perro o gato, o si no puede se demuestre más allá de toda duda razonable que la persona así atacada provocó o provocó a dicho perro o gato, la corte municipal de la Ciudad de Katy tendrá la autoridad para ordenar y celebrar una audiencia. Si dicho tribunal determina en dicha audiencia que dicho perro o gato es cruel o peligroso para las personas u otros animales, el tribunal puede ordenar que dicho perro o gato permanezca amordazado, o que dicho perro o gato se mantenga dentro de un recinto suficiente, o que dicho perro o gato sea entregado al Oficial de Control de Animales de la Ciudad de Katy y destruido por él.
Parece que dicen que cualquier perro (o gato) que muerda, araña o ataca a una persona puede ser un perro peligroso a menos que la víctima haya traspasado el terreno de los propietarios. or the victim can prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the dog was provoked by the attack victim. The importance of the latter part is that the burden to prove provocation is shifted from the injured person to the dog owner. Provocation effectively becomes an affirmative defense that must be proved by the dog owner.
El estatuto continúa definiendo "perro peligroso" como un perro que:
(1) Makes an unprovoked attack on a person that causes bodily injury and occurs in a place other than an enclosure in which the dog was being kept and that was reasonably certain to prevent the dog from leaving the enclosure on its own; or
(2) Commits unprovoked acts in a place other than an enclosure in which the dog was being kept and that was reasonably certain to prevent the dog from leaving the enclosure on its own and those acts cause a person to reasonably believe that the dog will attack and cause bodily injury to that person.
La parte (b) explica además que la amenaza requerida para la subparte (2) anterior "debe sugerir un peligro real de ser mordido" antes de que se involucre el control de los animales.
Una vez que una persona descubre que tiene un perro peligroso, tiene el deber de:
(1) Register the dangerous dog with the animal control officer;
(2) Restrain the dangerous dog at all times on a leash in the immediate control of a person or in a secure enclosure; and
(3) Obtain liability insurance coverage or show financial responsibility in an amount of at least $100,000.00 to cover damages resulting from an attack by the dangerous dog causing bodily injury to a person.
The statute does not say that once a person is notified by animal control he has a dangerous dog he must act, it uses the word “learns.” Thus, a strict reading of the ordinance suggests that if the owner is aware of an attack, whether it was reported or not, he is obligated to take action to register and restraint he dog and obtain liability insurance. This puts the burden on the dog owner to report any attacks or bites. If the dog is found by the courts to be a dangerous dog, it is additionally required to wear a bright orange collar with the words “dangerous dog” at all times and it is required to be caged with appropriate warning signs. See Katy Code of Ordinances 2.302(c). There are further restrictions requiring reporting if the animal is moved or relocated. An owner who has a dangerous dog can be held criminally responsible for an attack under section 2.304. It is a crime punishable by Class C Misdemeanor unless it causes serious bodily injury which is a Class A Misdemeanor.
These Codes are in addition to the Texas State Law requirements found in the Texas Health and Safety Code. In case of conflict, Texas law mandates that the animal control requirements of the Texas Health and Safety Code cannot be lessened by municipal ordinance. It is important to note here that an attack by a known dangerous dog can result in criminal prosecution as a second or third degree felony under Texas Health and Safety Code section 822.005 if the owner is found to have acted with criminal negligence. Thus, it is a good idea to be aware of both if you own a dog. There is further a limitation on the number of adult pets a person may have in Katy–three total. See Katy Code of Ordinances 2.400.
Habla con nuestros abogados de mordedura de perro
At Simmons and Fletcher, P.C., we take dog attacks very serious. There is simply no reason a responsible animal owner cannot maintain control of his pet. If you have questions about how the Katy Code of Ordinances apply to your situation you and would like to talk to a dog bite lawyer, give us a call. We are located next to the Memorial City Mall near I-10 and Beltway 8, just a short drive from Katy proper. The initial consultation is free and we do not charge you a dime unless we win your case.
Paul Cannon ha practicado la ley de juicio por lesiones personales desde 1995. Está certificado por la Junta en la Ley de juicios por lesiones personales (2005). Se ha ganado el reconocimiento como Super Abogado por Thompson Reuters en 2017 & 2018, y como Abogado Superior de Ensayo 100 por la Asociación Nacional de Abogados Litigantes en 2017. Es un Accionista, abogado litigante y gerente de marketing en línea en Simmons y Fletcher, PC. Sus escritos legales han sido publicados por el Texas Bar Journal, Business.com, Lawyer.com HG Legal Resources, Lawfirms.com y otros. Le han pedido dar charlas educativas y entrevistas a los medios sobre la ley de mordeduras de perro.