Cicatrización y Desfiguración

desfiguración de la muñeca

Desfiguración ha sido definido por los tribunales en Texas como un "impedimento de belleza, simetría o apariencia; lo que se vuelve antiestético o se deforma de alguna manera ". SunBridge Healthcare Corp. v. Penny, 160 S.W.3d 230, 252 (Tex.App.-Texarkana 2005, no pet.). It is a separate, recognized damage element from other intangible damage elements such as mental anguish, pain and suffering and physical impairment. Cicatrización es un tipo común de desfiguración.

Causas de la desfiguración

La desfiguración puede provenir de varios tipos diferentes de lesiones. Cualquier lesión personal que resulte en una alteración física permanente de la apariencia puede dar lugar a un reclamo de desfiguración que permita que el elemento de los daños y perjuicios de la "desfiguración" se presente al jurado. Algunos ejemplos de reclamaciones por desfiguración son los siguientes:

Si sufre una de estas o una pérdida similar debido a la negligencia de otra, tiene derecho a pedirle a un jurado que ordene al agraviante compensarlo por la desfiguración que le causaron.

Tipos de cicatrices y tratamiento

desfiguración facialThere are several types of scars that may occur due to a personal injury. Depending upon the severity, there are a number of treatment options available.

Cicatrices de contracturas también conocido como "cicatrices post-quemaduras" son cicatrices que resultan del endurecimiento de la piel debido a una lesión por quemadura. Puede ser poco profunda y superficial con un efecto mínimo sobre el movimiento y la comodidad, o puede afectar profundamente la función muscular y / o los nervios y causar dolor y sufrimiento constantes. El Hospital Shriners para Niños tiene un departamento de tratamiento de quemaduras para niños que es excelente para el cuidado de quemaduras. Dependiendo de qué tan grave sea la quemadura, el tratamiento puede variar para limpiarlo y tratarse con ungüentos para terapia física o incluso cirugía reconstructiva y / o plástica.

Cicatrices queloides are a raised and often somewhat discolored “puffy” area around the original wound. They area result of an abnormal healing process when the body produces an excess of collagen.The collagen fibers form in an abnormal thickness and shape causing a thick”puffy” appearance. They are really benign fibrous skin tumors. Keloids occur more common in dark skin. They can get worse and even hamper skin’s flexibility and movement when untreated. Treatment options range from ointments to scar revision surgery.

Hypertrophic scars are raised areas of scar tissue on the skin and are caused by the formation of excess collagen during the wound’s healing process. They most commonly form in places where skin is tight or there is more muscle tissue such as the upper back/shoulder or chest area. Hypertrophic scars are similar to keloid scars. They often form when there is an infection in the wound as it is healing. Typically, these scars can be reduced using steroid injections or silicone sheets. Keeping the wound clean while it is healing can help prevent these scars from ever forming.

Efectos psicológicos y emocionales de las cicatrices

Anytime someone suffers a scar or disfigurement as a result of a traumatic event, the scar, no matter how small, can have huge mental impact upon the victim. The scar itself may or may not be that noticeable to others, but the the bearer it serves as a constant reminder of a horrific event they were forced to endure. The feelings of helplessness and fear can be triggered over and over.

Studies have also shown that facial scarring and disfigurement can have a lasting impact on a persons future. People are naturally drawn to attractive people. Studies have shown that people tend to be more trusting of persons without facial disfigurement than those with it. In a simple way to understand it, the victims ability to make a clean “first impression” has been impaired. This may lead to decreased opportunities both in obtaining jobs and moving up into positions of higher trust.

Por lo tanto, cuando determine daños, es posible que necesite una evaluación psicológica y / o una evaluación psiquiátrica para determinar los posibles efectos a largo plazo. Hay varios artículos académicos que respaldan estos daños, que incluyen:

  • Impacto funcional percibido de la apariencia anormal, Rankin, Marlene, Phd. and Borah, Gregory L. M.D., Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Vol. 111, No.7, page 2140, June 2003.
  • Juicios sociales de la deformidad facial, Tobiasen, Joyce M. Phd., Cleft Palate Journal, vol. 24, No. 4, página 323, Oct. 1987.

Revisión de Cicatrices

Revisión de cicatriz is an outpatient surgical procedure done to reduce and/or eliminate the visual effects of a scar on the human body. Plastic surgeons routinely perform scar revisions to reduce the size and/or shape of keloids, reduce the width of the scar tissue around the wound, and/or otherwise improve the appearance of scars. If you have suffered a scar due to the negligence of another, you have a right to seek recovery for the cost of not just past medical care, but also the cost of a future scar revision surgery that you plan or need to undergo.

In many cases, scarring victims are minors. When a minor suffers a scar, it can be hard to tell the degree to which the child will grow out of it. Many times surgeons do not recommend performing a revision surgery on a minor if it can be avoided because of the chance that it will be minimized naturally with the aging process. Often, however, you can get a plastic surgeon to provide an estimate of what he believes the cost is more likely than not to cost once the child turns 18. It is important to take this estimate and future cost into account in settling a case involving a scar on a minor.

Cómo podemos ayudar

Disfigurement and scarring are very serious injuries with permanent, lasting effects. We aggressively pursue these types of damage claims. But you need more than just a legal advocate when you have these types of severe injuries. In addition to pursuing your legal rights against the party responsible for your scars, we can help you find the right doctors to evaluate and care for your injures and obtain funding to get the care. Since the 1970’s, our injury attorneys have helped numerous clients find the right orthopedic surgeons, physical therapists, plastic surgeons and psychological counselors to evaluate and treat disfigurement injuries and their lasting effects. Call us for a free no obligation consultation.

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