Erb’s Palsy

Brachial Plexus Birth Injury Lawyers

If your child suffers from Erb’s Palsy, otherwise known as Brachial Plexus Birth Injury, as a result of  your doctor’s negligence during child birth, you may have a legal right to recover. Talking to a birth injury lawyer may enable you to recover for past and future medical costs as well as for the physical and emotional pain that accompanies this injury.  Call Simmons and Fletcher, P.C. today for a free consultation: 800-298-0111.

brachial plexus

What is Erb’s Palsy?

Erb’s Palsy is an injury to the nerves that run from the neck down to the shoulders and extremities. This area of nerves is known as the Brachial Plexus. Palsy means “weakness.” In this case, the condition is a weakness in the shoulder and/or arm.

What is Brachial Plexus Birth Palsy?

Erbs Palsy that occurs during childbirth is also known as Brachial Plexus Birth Palsy. This is more common in difficult deliveries involving large babies, prolonged labors and/or babies in breech. It can occur in several ways as a result of childbirth injuries, including:

  • When the babies head is to the side as its shoulders move through the birth canal and the arm is pulled in an opposite direction
  • Pressure on the arms during breech (feet-first) delivery
  • When the doctor uses too much force pulling on the shoulders while trying to pull the baby from the birth canal during a cephalic (head-first) delivery.

Approximately 1-2 out of every 1000 babies are born with some degree of Erb’s Palsy. If your baby sustains serious or permanent Brachia Plexus Birth Palsy, you should speak with a birth injury attorney regarding your case.

Causes of Erbs Palsy in Adults

The occurrence of Erb’s Palsy in adults is infrequent. However, there are several ways in which this type of injury may occur:

  • Trauma to the head and/or shoulder resulting in the pulling apart/tearing of the nerves
  • Improper traction treatment for a shoulder dislocation
  • Violent injuries

It should be noted that if you suffer from permanent Erb’s Palsy as a result of improperly implemented traction by a medical professional, you should consult a medical malpractice attorney to discuss your rights.

Degrees of Erbs Palsy

There are four different types of nerve injury that can affect the brachial plexus.

  1. Neurapraxia is a common stretching injury to the nerve. Typically, these injuries heal up in a matter of months and do not have long-lasting effects.
  2. Neuroma is slightly more than the Neurapraxia injury in that is stretches and damages the nerve fibers to the degree that scar tissue may form. This injury will improve with physical therapy and proper treatment but will not likely return to its pre-injury condition.
  3. Rupture occurs when the nerve itself is torn. This may or may not be reparable by way of surgery but it will not heal on its own.
  4. Avulsion occurs when the nerve is torn away from the spinal cord. A nerve cannot be re-grafted to the spinal cord but there are some surgery options to improve arm function.

Symptoms of Erbs Palsy

The inability to move the arm is a common indicator of Erb’s Palsy. In the case of babies, the arm is often turned inward and the baby will not move it despite being able to wiggle its fingers. Weakness in the arm, loss of feeling in the arm and complete or partial paralysis of the arm are other symptoms that may indicate Erb’s Palsy. Children growing up with with permanent Erb’s Palsy may have the arm visibly shorter than the other since nerves are related to growth and development.

Free Legal Consultation

If you suspect that your child suffered Erb’s Palsy as a result of a doctor’s medical malpractice, call us today for a free consultation. If we take your case, we charge no fees unless we make a recovery. 1-800-298-0111.


Paul Cannon

Paul Cannon has practiced personal injury trial law since 1995. He is Board Certified in Personal Injury Trial Law (2005). He has earned recognition as a Super Lawyer by Thompson Reuters in 2017 & 2018, and as a Top 100 Trial Lawyer by the National Trial Lawyers Association in 2017. He is a Shareholder, trial lawyer and online marketing manager at Simmons and Fletcher, P.C. His legal writings have been published by the Texas Bar Journal,, HG Legal Resources,, and others. He has been asked to give education talks and media interviews on dog bite law.