Exsanguination “Bleeding Out”

What is Exsanguination?

Exsanguination is the blood loss to such a degree that the person bleeding dies.  It is also known as “bleeding out” and “bleeding to death.” A person does not have to lose all of their blood to exsanguinate.

Personal Injury Claims Involving Exsanguination

When a person exsanguinates due to the negligence of another person, this may give rise to a wrongful death lawsuit. The estate of the deceased individual and/or the proper heirs designated under the relevant State’s Wrongful Death Statute have the right to bring the claim.

Causes of Exsanguination

ExsanguinationThis kind of bleeding occurs most often after a major artery is severed and the bleeding is not stopped. A bleed out may occur due to internal or external trauma.  There are many causes of exsanguination that result in personal injury claims including:

  • Severe external injuries sustained from direct trauma
  • Severe internal injuries from direct trauma
  • Deep laceration of a major artery
  • Misdiagnosis of internal trauma
  • Drugs that prevent blood clotting

Exsanguination Due to Drugs

There are many medical uses for blood thinners. People with heart issues such as blood clots and blockages often need them to live. However, not all blood clotting is bad. Your blood clots to form scabs when you suffer an injury.  If your body cannot form blood clots because you are on blood thinners, exsanguination may occur.

There are many different blood thinners on the market to choose from. Some of them contain an antidote that can help stop the bleeding.  Several blood thinners have come under scrutiny in recent years because of their lack of any antidote and their marketing tactics that may not have fully disclosed the absence any antidote and the significance thereof. Thousands of Pradaxa lawsuits and Xarelto lawsuits have been filed due to this very issue.

Exsanguinate vs Insanguinate

Insanguinate is sometimes used interchangeably with exsanguinate. However, insanguinate is actually an Italian word meaning “bloody” or “blood soaked.”


Paul Cannon

Paul Cannon has practiced personal injury trial law since 1995. He is Board Certified in Personal Injury Trial Law (2005). He has earned recognition as a Super Lawyer by Thompson Reuters in 2017 & 2018, and as a Top 100 Trial Lawyer by the National Trial Lawyers Association in 2017. He is a Shareholder, trial lawyer and online marketing manager at Simmons and Fletcher, P.C. His legal writings have been published by the Texas Bar Journal, Business.com, Lawyer.com HG Legal Resources, Lawfirms.com, and others. He has been asked to give education talks and media interviews on dog bite law.