¿Qué daños puedo recuperar en un caso de lesiones personales?
Típicamente, la daños y perjuicios available in a personal injury case include: medical expenses, property damage, pain and suffering, mental anguish, disfigurement, loss of earning capacity, and loss of household services. In addition, wrongful death claimants may also be able to seek compensation for: funeral expenses, loss of companionship, loss of society, and loss of inheritance. At Simmons and Fletcher, P.C., we regularly work with medical, economic and life care planning experts to help people determine and prove the full extent of their damages.
Gastos médicos pasados
Tienes derecho a recuperar esos pasado gastos médicos that a jury determines were reasonable and necessary as a result of the injury sustained. This does not mean you automatically get every bill that happens after the date of the accident. The plaintiff must prove the accident was the proximate cause of the injuries necessitating the care and that the care was medically necessary. Insurance companies often chose this as a battleground for personal injury cases. By hiring a conservative and often nit-picky medical evaluator as an expert, defense attorneys and the insurance companies behind them can attack an injured persons care and argue to the jury that the person simply “over treated.” If the argument sells, it saves them money to the detriment of the injured party.
Gastos médicos futuros
También tiene derecho a recuperar gastos médicos futuros that a qualified medical expert opines will be required within reasonable medical probability. Often injured persons find themselves without a way to pay for an expensive medical or surgical procedure they need and they have to wait for the resolution of their personal injury case to get it. Your own health insurance learns that the injury was caused by an accident due to the negligence of someone else and they start denying medical claims on grounds that health insurance policies are, by contract, secondary insurance to third-party liability insurance such as auto, homeowners and commercial liability policies. The liability policies deny and delay payment, leaving you, the injured victim, with no way to get care you need. Thus, you must ask the jury to award the money for the future care you need. This requires hiring and paying a medical expert to give expert testimony regarding the necessity of the future care. At Simmons and Fletcher, P.C., we can help you get the medical care you need and the compensation you deserve.
Property Damage and Diminution In Value
Según la ley de Texas, tiene derecho a recuperar el costo de reparación de su vehículo o el valor justo de mercado de su vehículo inmediatamente antes de la colisión menos el valor justo de mercado inmediatamente después de la colisión. En general, esto se determina utilizando las pautas de NADA para la mayoría de los automóviles que no son recolectores.
Disminución en el valor is the reduction in value of a vehicle after it has been repaired. In newer model vehicles, a repair may make it look aesthetically the same,but that doesn’t mean it drives the same. People know this. Its why people request a car fax on a used vehicle. When you go to resell a wrecked vehicle, often the value you are offered by a dealer will be less when they realize it was in a wreck. That difference in the value that they offer is the vehicle’s diminution in value. it generally requires expert testimony to establish and thus, must be significant to justify pursuing in litigation.
Dolor y sufrimiento
Dolor y sufrimiento is an award of damages for the physical pain that you experience due to an injury. It is an intangible damage–It cannot be measured by any objective test or study. The amount a jury chooses to award or not award for pain and suffering is largely discretionary. There is no such thing as a calculadora de dolor y sufrimiento.
In a soft tissue or minor whiplash case, they can chose to award zero for pain and suffering. In a hard injury such as a broken bone or herniated disk, they cannot award zero if they find there was in fact an injury necessitating the medical care of the injuries. They can, however, award a nominal amount.
Puede pedir una recompensa por el dolor y el sufrimiento incurridos en el pasado, así como dolor y sufrimiento futuro si tiene evidencia para apoyar a cada uno. El testimonio de expertos médicos también puede ser invaluable para establecer la cantidad y la duración del dolor y el sufrimiento futuro que, con una probabilidad médica razonable, es probable que sufra.
Angustia mental is the anxiety, depression and emotional suffering resulting from an injury. You can recover mental anguish from the past as well as in the future if it is within reasonable medical probability and likely to occur. In order for it to reach a “compensable level,” the Texas Supreme Court has held that the plaintiff must prove that he “suffered a substantial disruption in daily routine or a high degree of mental pain and distress.” See Hancock v. Variyam, 400 SW3d 59, 62 (Tex. 2013). El demandante también debe demostrar la naturaleza, duración y gravedad de la angustia mental para que pueda resistir el atractivo.
Debido a la naturaleza elusiva de la angustia mental, es aconsejable buscar un daño por jurado para encontrar cada elemento específico de daños cuando uno busca angustia mental. De esta forma, si el Tribunal de Apelaciones decide que no hay pruebas suficientes que respalden el elemento de daños por angustia mental, puede descartar esa parte de la recuperación en lugar de descartar toda la recuperación y volver a intentar el caso. Para obtener más información sobre esto, consulte: ¿Qué es la angustia mental?
Pérdida de capacidad de ganancia
Pérdida de capacidad de ganancia refers to the loss of income, wages or earning capacity suffered as a result of an accident. Depending on the type of job you hold and your injuries, this can be a simple claim for past wages lost or it may be a very complex case for lost future earning ability. If you are paid by the hour or a biweekly salary, you can calculate past lost earnings by breaking down hourly earnings and comparing it to time taken off. For contractors and people in business for themselves, calculating past and future wage loss claims can require economic expert witness testimony. When a self-employed person does different jobs that pay different amounts and have different costs associated with them, determining what jobs were missed out on may require evaluating a past earning history to determine average expected earnings over time as well as analysis of relevant market forces. It is highly important that you have an attorney with the knowledge to determine the best way to calculate your economic losses and the expert witness resources to prove the case.
Pérdida de servicios domésticos
Pérdida de servicios domésticos is an element of damages that allows you to recover when a spouse is injured and is no longer able to perform their normal household services. Texas law defines household services as “those that a husband or wife performs around the home and in caring for the family.” Dallas Ry. & Terminal Co. v. Sutherland, 27 SW2d 830 (Tex.Civ.App.-El Paso 1930, writ dismissed woj). Si su ser querido ha sufrido lesiones que le impiden realizar los servicios del hogar, la ley le permite presentar evidencia del costo razonable de reemplazo de esos servicios. Cálculo de algunos costos, como el costo de contratar a alguien para cortar el césped, no es tan difícil de establecer como el costo futuro de limpiar la casa o hacer reparaciones. Este último puede requerir el testimonio de un testigo experto.
Pérdida de consorcio
Pérdida de consorcio is the loss of companionship and society that occurs in certain family relationships when there has been a death or significant injury to one party to the relationship. It concerns husbands and wives or parents and children. Between spouses it encompasses the loss in marital relations, the loss of love, affection, comfort, companionship, solace, society, assistance, sexual relations, and emotional support. The claim belongs to the non-injured spouse. Between parents and children it is a claim for the loss of love, support, encouragement, instruction, guidance that the parent would have been able to provide absent the catastrophic injury or death. For a child to recover, the parents injury must be “serious, permanent and disabling.”
Texas law does not recognize loss of consortium claims for all family members. The parents have no claim for loss of consortium when a child is injured or killed. Additionally, the claim does not extend to cover siblings, cousins or distant family relations. These claims are very complex and require the aid of a abogado de lesiones personales para procesarlos.
Si desea obtener más información sobre los daños disponibles en un caso de lesiones personales, llámenos a 1-800-298-0111.