Single Vehicle Accidents

Who is Liable for a Single Vehicle Accident?

A single-vehicle accident may result from driver negligence, owner negligence, maintenance company negligence, or manufacturer negligence. Any of those parties may be liable for their own negligence. Determining who is liable for a single-vehicle accident is not always easy. By definition, a single-car accident involves just one vehicle; however, this does not always translate to just one party being liable for the accident. For this reason, if you have been injured you should consult a personal injury attorney to learn your rights as soon as possible. Call us at (713) 932-0777 for a free consultation.

What are the Common Causes of Single-Car Accidents?

single car crash with treeCommon causes of single-vehicle accidents include:

Below we will discuss multiple scenarios in which there are many factors contributing to an accident with just one car, as well as the legal implications associated with each one.

Driver Negligence

The most common cause of a single-vehicle accident is driver negligence. A serious problem we face today is the driver’s distracting themselves by texting and driving, reading emails, or doing other activities on cellular devices.  Failing to keep a proper lookout is a common cause of collisions today.

Dangerous Road and Weather Conditions

In 2016, the Texas Department of Transportation reported over 21,000 crashes involving one of the following road conditions:

  • Ice
  • Sand, Mud, Dirt
  • Slush
  • Snow
  • Standing Water
  • Wet

Partly due to the unpredictable nature of weather in Texas, drivers must always be prepared for the weather to be a factor when driving on the road. There are specific legal doctrines that address liability when drivers are confronted with dangerous weather conditions.  Drivers have a duty to follow the Rules of the Road. This includes driving at a safe speed so that they can maintain control of their vehicle under the existing weather conditions. Driving too fast for the conditions can occur even when you are driving under the posted speed limit.

Additionally, dangerous road conditions are presented to Texas drivers every day. From construction zones, potholes, and debris in the road, the potential for danger can be significantly reduced when drivers provide their undivided attention to the road in front of them. Consult an attorney if you suspect your driver was not driving safe under the conditions resulting in a single-car wreck.

Passenger Distraction

Another common cause of single-vehicle accidents comes from within the car itself. Often, drivers will look away from the road to deal with the passengers in the car. This is a negligent action that, if resulting in a car accident, may result in liability being placed on the driver for allowing themselves to be distracted at all.

In other cases, passengers may intentionally act to distract the driver. One should be very cautious about alleging that someone intentionally distracted their driver and/or intentionally caused a collision. Most auto policies exclude coverage on accidents caused by intentional acts.

Mechanical Malfunctions

There is nothing more important when it comes to roadway safety than driving a safe and fully functioning vehicle. No matter what the reason, everyone deserves the right to know the vehicle they are driving is safe. Unfortunately, there are times when drivers find themselves severely injured in a single-vehicle accident because their vehicle was defective. Examples of vehicle defects include:

  • Airbag failure
  • Brake failure
  • Defective tires
  • Seat belt failure

Defects may be present when the car is purchased, or they may occur as the result of maintenance performed by a negligent maintenance or repair shop worker.  One example of this is when a tire store fails to replace the lug nuts after switching out a tire. A wheel coming off while driving is a surefire sign of this type of negligence and can result in a single-car accident or worse.

Repair malfunctions present another complicated scenario because it must be determined who is at fault for causing the accident to occur. These instances require proper investigation to ensure the correct party is placed at fault.

 Frequency of Deadly Single Vehicle Wrecks in Texas

Almost 1/3 of all traffic fatalities in Texas are the result of single vehicle accidents in Texas. 1,368 people were killed in single-vehicle type accidents in 2023 according to a TDOT report. This number represents 31.94% of all motor vehicle fatalities in Texas in 2023.

Talk to an Attorney

When you are injured due to the negligence of another party, you may have a right to be compensated for the damages you’ve suffered.  If you were a negligence-free passenger in an accident or a driver injured due to a suspected mechanical defect, call us to learn more about your rights today or visit our car accident page. Call (713) 932-0777 for a free consultation with an experienced car accident lawyer.




If you have a personal injury case and would like to know whether it is something that our law firm can help you with, please fill out the form to the right and submit your information or pick up the phone and call us between 8:30 AM and 4:00 PM on Monday through Thursday and 8:30 AM  and 5:00 PM on Friday and out intake team can go help evaluate your case and determine who the best person is for you to talk to about your case. Consultations are 100% free and you have no obligation to hire us.


Simmons and Fletcher, P.C., rooted in Christian values, exclusively handles personal injury cases, advocating for the rights of accident and negligence victims. Our Houston-based team, dedicated to compassion and excellence, handles cases across car accidents, motorcycle accidents, truck accidents, slip and falls, dog bites, and other types of cases with a commitment to personalized care. Upholding integrity and client-focused service, we strive for impactful legal outcomes. For a detailed understanding of our approach and team, visit our attorneys page.

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